Treating the cocaine user can be a challenge. In short, although there can be chronic use of cocaine, there are not physical withdrawals that the user will go through. With alcohol it is very well documented that there are serious physical withdrawals that can end in tragic death. Cocaine users create a mental obsession that can be unlearned. As with any mental process the mind can reverse the obsession and divert the thoughts to something more beneficial and productive.
Cocaine is a drug extracted from the leaves of the South American coca plant. It is a strong stimulant that effects the body's central nervous system. It raises body temperature, heart rate and blood pressure. Cocaine has been known to cause heart palpitations or cardiac arrest.
Young single people are the most frequent users of cocaine, with male users outnumbering female users two to one. Adults 18 to 25 years old have a higher rate of current cocaine use than those in any other age group.
Moderate dose of cocaine can induce disturbances in heart rhythm, increased heart and respiratory rates, elevated blood pressure, dilated pupils, decreased appetite, excessive activity, talkativeness, irritability, argumentative behavior, nervousness or agitation.
Large doses of cocaine use can result in loss of coordination, collapse, perspiration, blurred vision, dizziness, and feeling of restlessness, anxiety, delusions, heart attacks, chest pain, respiratory failure, strokes, seizures and headaches, abdominal pain, nausea, paranoia.
Some symptoms of overdose are increase in body temperature, hallucinations, and convulsions.
In 2006, 6 million Americans age 12 and older had abused cocaine in any form and 1.5 million had abused crack at least once in the year prior to being surveyed. The NIDA-funded 2007 Monitoring the Future Study showed that 2.0% of 8th graders, 3.4% of 10th graders, and 5.2% of 12th graders had used cocaine and 1.3% of 8th graders, 1.3% of 10th graders, and 1.9% of 12th graders had used crack at least once in the year prior to being surveyed.