Alcohol and drug treatment methods vary depending on the program selected. Programs for alcohol and drug treatment include the 12 steps, methadone clinics, holistic programs and Cognitive Behavioral Education.
12 Step Programs
The 12 steps were developed by Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) in 1935, based on a fundamentalist religious movement at the time. The 12 steps are now used by Narcotics Anonymous (NA) and many other groups. Twelve step programs are based on the theory that alcoholism and addiction are diseases, that victims of the disease can never be cured, that they must abstain for the rest of their lives, that they suffer from "loss of control," that they must always be on guard against relapse, and that they will need alcohol and drug help for the rest of their lives. Unfortunately, the success rate of the best-known 12 step program, Alcoholics Anonymous, is no better than five percent or one of every 20 members.
Methadone clinics provide another alcohol and drug treatment method option. People go to the clinics where they receive methadone. Methadone is an opiate narcotic, as are vicodin and morphine. People take methadone rather than the substances they have been using. The methadone is basically a replacement drug. While the idea is for the individual to stop taking the drug after the withdrawal symptoms from alcohol or drugs end, research shows that many people become addicted to methadone itself and never stop taking it. Some have been on the drug for decades. Most methadone clinics also require their clients to participate in a 12 step program.
Holistic programs are another alcohol and drug treatment methods option. The holistic approach typically includes the use of yoga, meditation, vitamin therapy, massage therapy, music therapy, exercise therapy, dance therapy, equine (horse) therapy, acupuncture and other techniques. The method concentrates on wellness of the mind, body and spirit. There is not any scientific evidence that any of the techniques used in holistic programs are effective in helping people become sober or clean.
Cognitive Behavioral Education
Cognitive Behavioral Education is a research-based approach offered by the non-profit St. Jude retreats to help people achieve life-long freedom from alcohol and drug problems. It was developed almost a quarter century ago and has helped thousands of people overcome their problems with alcohol and drugs. Periodic evaluations conducted by independent, outside research organizations indicate that the long term success rate of former guests of St. Jude in achieving gratifying lives free of alcohol and drugs is at least 62%.